The History of the Automotive Industry, the Founding of Toyota

Toyota is one of the largest car manufacturers in the world. The company based in Tokyo (Japan) was founded on August 28, 1937, 82 years ago. Its founder was Kiichiro Toyoda, the eldest son of Sakichi Toyoda, the founder of the Toyota industry, who originally made sewing machines in the early 1900s.

For the Japanese, perhaps the name Sakichi Toyoda deserves to be equated with Thomas Alva Edison. He was not only able to enlighten the Japanese industry, but also facilitated the work of weaving workers with automatic machines which increased the capacity and efficiency of textile production at that time.

His skillful and unyielding work ethic was directly transmitted to Kiichiro Toyoda, who since childhood was accustomed to seeing his father work in a factory. After graduating from university, he joined a family-owned company, Toyoda Automatic Loom Works Ltd, which later became Toyota Industries Corporation.

Toyota
Toyota Logo

Before Sakichi Toyoda died, he advised his son to continue the business. Even so, Kiichiro Toyoda apparently preferred the automotive industry, which at that time was considered a risky decision. Because not many Japanese companies are involved in this field.

Kenneth E. Hendrikson in The Encyclopedia of The Industrial Revolution (2015: 965-966) recounts the early days of the founding of the Toyota car manufacturer. Kiichiro Toyoda's plan to produce vehicles domestically was immediately supported by the Japanese government.

So in 1929 he went to Europe and the United States (US) to study and take inspiration to develop the automotive industry. Time and time again he was in and out of factories in Detroit and studied every corner of the Chevrolet and Ford cars, before building his own car he had longed for.

After returning from abroad, a car called the Model A1 was finally created in 1935. Interestingly, this car could exchange components with American sedans, which at that time did dominate Japanese roads.

Not long ago, Kiichiro Toyoda started the Toyota Motor Company, as a subsidiary of Toyoda Automatic Loom Works. The name 'Toyota' was deliberately chosen because it is considered to have better luck and is easier to write in Japanese characters.

During World War II, Toyota was involved in producing military vehicles that were born from factories on the island of Honshu. These durable trucks even became the forerunner of the Toyota Land Cruiser which was successfully sold in the US and around the world in the future.

After the death of Kiichiro Toyoda in 1952, the company was increasingly producing cars and began exporting to countries around the world. The Britannica page notes that in 1966 Toyota began acquiring large bus and truck companies Hino, Nippon Denso, as well as Daihatsu Motor Company.

Until the 1970s, Toyota is said to have sold more than one million vehicles globally. Even for decades, the company became the largest automaker in Japan and continues to grow in the US market. Toyota is also known as a low-cost, fuel-efficient, and reliable vehicle brand. As shown in the Corolla, the best-selling sedan in the world.

Now Toyota has emerged as a car manufacturer with production facilities in many countries, from Argentina, Brazil, Canada, China, Colombia, Czech Republic, Egypt, France, Malaysia, Mexico, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Russia, South Africa, Sri Lanka. Lanka, Thailand, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States of America, Venezuela, Vietnam, also Indonesia.

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