HISTORY OF CITROËN MEDIUM AND LARGE VAN - AUTO STORY

For nearly seventy years Citroën manufactures and sells medium and large commercial transport valued throughout Europe. Currently, the French company offers two offerings in this segment: Grogi Jumper.

The second generation La del Jumpy will be released in 2007. Made in collaboration with Approval (who calls it the shield) AND Peugeot (Expert) and also sold by Toyota under a different name (PROCESS), differing from its predecessors in larger compartments and a different design. more modern.

Engine range at launch, it included a 2.0 petrol engine with 136 hp. and three HDi turbo diesel engines (1.6 hp 90 and 2.0 hp 120), which were joined three years later by a 136 liter diesel with 163 hp. The 2012 redesign made minor changes to the front end, and there are now three engines on the list, all diesel: a 1.6 with 90 hp. and 2.0 with 125 and XNUMX hp.

CITROËN
Citroen

The third most prolific Citroën Jumper series - the Fiat ducato twins, the Peugeot e Ram ProMaster boxers (only sold in North America) - was born in 2014 and is nothing more than a deep restyling of the second series. Four I engines All HDi turbodiesel available: 2.2 with 110, 130 and 150 hp. and 3.0 with a capacity of 180 hp. Let's find out together the history of the transalpine brand medium and large vans.

CITROËN TYPE H (1947)

The Il Citroën Type H was introduced in 1947 to replace the obsolete TUB which was developed before World War II and was less flexible than competing products. Made on the same floor the front wheel drive of the Push Avant and equipped with a motor (also front mounted) 1.6 gasoline engine with 45 HP, has a low load floor, which makes the work of workers easier.

Available in van, pickup and chassis variants, it underwent its first major changes in early 1961: the 1.6 diesel engine debuted in 43 with an output of XNUMX hp, replaced three years later (when a unique windshield instead of a separate one) was 1.8 hp. 51.

In 1966 the Citroën Type H was equipped with a 1.9 hp petrol engine. with a capacity of 59 hp. After three light years came the makeup that did some changes to the front, while in 1972 g. hydropneumatic suspension became available as an option. Production ended in 1981.

CITROËN C35 (1974)

Il Citroën C35born from a partnership with Agreement, is nothing but the twin brother of 242: mechanically strong, but fragile (rusty) body, equipped with front-wheel drive, from independent suspension of four wheels four disc brakes. engines - a 2.0 petrol and two diesel engines (2.2 and 2.5) - are from the flagship CX.

This van was produced in Italy until 1987, then until 1992 it was assembled in France.

CITROËN C25 (1981)

Il Citroën C25, introduced in 1981, has many "twins" spread across Europe: Alfa Romeo AR6, Fiat ducato e Peugeot J5... Designed to replace the old Type H, it has an engine range consisting of three petrol units (1.8 with 69 hp and 2.0 with 75 and 84 hp) and three diesel engines (1.9 with 70 hp, 2.5 with 74 hp and 2.5 with turbocharging with 95 hp).with.).

In 1982, the pickup and passenger transport versions debuted, and in 1991 it was the turn of the serious version. makeup that makes some changes to the mask.

CITROËN FIRST GENERATION JUMPERS (1994)

The first generation La Citroën Jumper was released in 1994, coinciding with the launch of the "relatives" Fiat ducato e peugeot boxers, all manufactured in Abruzzo, at the Sevel factory in Atessa (Chieti).

Engine range at launch, it includes a 2.0 petrol engine with 109 hp. and five diesel units (1,9 69 and 92 hp, and 2.5, 86 and 103 hp). On the 107, the 1998 hp 2.5 engine. replaced by a 103 hp 2.8 engine. (withdrawn from the market in 122), and the following year the 2000 engine power decreased (from 1.9 to 69 hp and from 68 to 92 hp).

In 2000, the most powerful 2.5 of the first generation of the Citroën Jumper left the scene, being replaced by the more modern 2.8 hp 128 HDi. Next year, the replacement of the 2.5-horsepower 86 will leave the list: its place is taken by the 2.0-horsepower 84 HDi.

On the occasion of the opening of the 2002 makeup - which brought a more personal look - under the hood there were many innovations: the power of the 2.0 gasoline engine was increased to 110 hp. (and the same engine is also available in the GPL methane) and a 2.2 HDi turbodiesel with 101 hp. included in the price list. Two years later, it was the turn of the 2.8-horsepower 146 HDi.

CITROËN FIRST GENERATION (1994)

In addition, the first generation of the Citroen Fidget - introduced in 1994 - was born under an agreement with Agreement (which produced the shield) AND Peugeot (Expert). Made on the same platform as the minivan. Dodge Citroën, Fiat Ulysses Launch Z e Peugeot 806, had an engine range initially consisting of a 1.6 petrol engine with 79 hp. and diesel engine 1.9 hp. with 69 and 92 hp, which was replaced in 1999 by the 2.0 HDi with 94 and 109 hp.

In 2000, Otto's 1.6 cycle left room for a 136 liter 2004 hp engine, while in XNUMX the makeup adorned the front.

CITROËN JUMPER SECOND GENERATION (2006)

The second generation La of the Citroën Jumper - the van that appeared on the market in 2006 was the twin Fiat ducato boxer peugeot... The front end is one of the most original ever made in the commercial vehicle segment.

Three engines - turbodiesel - at the debut stage: 2.2 with 100 and 120 hp. and 3.0 with 157 hp. In 2011, engine power with fewer foals increased to 110 hp. and a "worse" version of 150 hp came out. In contrast, the three-liter diesel grew from 157 to 177 hp.

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