Complete history of MASERATI from time to time

Maserati he had a difficult life: in himself 100 years of life and death and was resurrected several times, like a phoenix, and gained stability only for twenty years thanks to the Agreement... Let's find out together the history of the House of the Trident, tailor-made for the production of race cars, and later became the symbol of the "made in Italy" super car.

maserati Logo
Maserati Logo

MASERATI, HISTORY

La Emilian brand history officially began on December 1, 1914, when the three Maserati brothers (Alfieri II, Ernesto ed to be rude) - already active in the mechanical field - founded Bologna workshop specializing in processing machines Isotta Fraschini e Diatto..

During the War World I, Alfieri patented an innovative spark plug, and at the end of the conflict, he focused on the world of racing by installing engines. Hispano-Suiza on Isotta Fraschini. In this car, he, along with his brother Ernesto, won the Susa-Moncenisio from 1921.

In 1922, the Turin Diatto brand he offered the Maserati brothers the leadership of the brand's sporting activities and Alfieri the role of official driver, but three years later the Piedmont-based manufacturer stopped racing due to debt. Thanks to the financial support of Marquis Diego de Sterlich Maserati managed to get ten Diatto 30 Sport chassis.

FIRST WIN

First Maserati always - Type 26 1926 was nothing more than an evolution of the Diatto GP 8C turbo complete 1.5 eight cylinder inline motor with 120 hp In the same year, Mario - Maserati's fifth brother and the only one who disliked mechanics - created the Trident logo which legendary, inspired by the logo on the fountain. Neptune in Piazza Maggiore a Bologna.

In 1927, during a race in Sicily (Messina Cup), Alfieri was the victim of a terrible accident in which he lost a kidney. The following year came the first major victory - the Etna Cup - thanks to Bacon Borzaccini... A driver from Umbria sat in 1929 in Cremona at the wheel of a single V4 complete with 16 cylinders, a world speed record at the beginning of 10 km and in 1930 won Trident's first international success al GP Tripoli.

ALFIERI DEATH

in 1932 Alfieri Maserati died after surgery, and Ernesto quit his pilot career to take over the management of the company: he focused on the technical part with Ettore and appointed his fourth brother binding (remembering Isotta Frachini) President.

The following year came the first victory - in France with Giuseppe Campari - in one of the great Trials (the most important race before Formula 1) and Tazio Nuvolari (left Ferrari after a fight with Enzo over the fact that Enzo did not want him to be the owner of 50% of Cavallino's shares ) won the Belgian Grand Prix after starting with the race last position. in 8CM changed.

THEY ARE BEARS

The year 1937 was the year the Maserati was bought by a fashionable businessman. Adolfo Orsiyang uses the brand logo to promote other activities. Bindo, Ernesto and Ettore, free from managerial burdens, share the duties within the company: the former is in charge of the commercial part, the second is in design, and the third is in the factory. Candles... In the same year Giulio Severi conquered the Targa florio from 6 cm: The Sicilian race won three times in a row by the Emilian Company with Giovanni Rocco and in two cases with Luigi Villoresi.

INDIANAPOLIS WIN

In 1939, Orsi moved Maserati in my hometown - Modena - in his territory, and in the same year the 8CTF (A 3.0 eight cylinder engine with two compressors and an oil tank serving as the center of the chassis) - the first car developed under the new leadership - won (a first for an Italian car) Indianapolis 500 with American driver Wilbur Shaw... The combination was confirmed in 1940: no other tricolor engine was able to win the prestigious Yankee race.

WWII

With the outbreak of World War II, production of race cars was temporarily suspended to facilitate the production of wax and products for the army. At the end of the conflict, Adolfo Orsi lost interest in racing, but the three Maserati brothers continued to maintain their "racing" dream thanks to several off-road vehicles hidden in Milan during the conflict. Meanwhile across the Atlantic Ocean Louis Nash won two editions of the legendary uphill race Spear Peak (1946 and 1947) driving a Trident.

START SERIAL PRODUCTION

La A6 GCS from 1947 - abbreviation for Alfieri, 6 cylinder (motor 2.0 130 l. Maserati was developed by the Bindo brothers Ernesto and Ettore before leaving the company (who wanted to focus on modeling) to establish OSCA... The first Modena car available to the public common was the A6 1500: presented at the Geneva Motor Show in the same year, it was designed by Pininfarina and put together a single 1.5 in-line six-cylinder motor.

However, sporting success kept coming: in 1948, the House of the Trident again won one of the great Trials - Monte Carlo Giuseppe Farina and 4CLT and Silverstone with Villoresi and 4CLT / 1948 - and the next year the Swiss Tulo de Graffenried won again in British circuit.

50-S

The 50s started badly for Maserati due to increasingly violent clashes between Adolfo Orsi and his staff: the foundry was even occupied by the co-op. Nevertheless, the Modena manufacturer managed to make it to its first world championship in 1950. F1's history and first podium finish in the second race of the season when Monaco's Louis Chiron's home Grand Prix finished third.

In 1952, the cooperative that ran the foundry in Modena was liquidated and the union itself asked Orsi to come back and run the company. The best driver of those years, an Argentinian, was hired. Juan Manuel Fangio - who, however, only made his debut in 1953 due to an accident in F2 (cervical vertebral fracture), which caused him to miss the entire season.

Maserati's first victory in F1 arrived at the 1953 Italian Grand Prix thanks to Fangio and his team A6 GCM... In the same year, Orsi, under pressure from his sister's husband, was forced to share the management of his company among various family members, leaving this to himself himself and his son. Lobster workshop control (machinery and machine tools).

LA 250F

La 250F intended to participate in the world of F1 1954 and equipped with a 2.5 240 hp motor it is still considered one of the best one seater cars of all time. Fangio has a contract with Mercedes but while waiting for the German car to be ready, he asked for (and got) the opportunity to participate in the first two Grand Prix of the year (Argentina and Belgium) in a Trident car: he won both and eventually became the season world champion.

In 1956, the Briton was an absolute hero of Modenese racing. Sterling Moss: touching victories at the World Championships in Monte Carlo and Monza and with Argentina. Carlos Menditegi beat the Buenos Aires 300S to the brand's first win in the race at the World Championships for Sports Prototypes.

LEGENDARY 1957

1957 - the best year in Maserati history: Fangio became F1 world champion for the fifth and final time in his career with four wins (Argentina, Monte Carlo, France and Germany) and two runners-up in seven Grand Prix. In the same year, the first large-scale Trident car was released: the 3500 GT, the model that officially transformed the Modenese brand into a full-fledged car manufacturer.

CRISIS

From star to rag: 1958 Adolfo Orsi finds himself in crisis due to the failure of the Argentine government to pay for a large shipment of milling machines. He sold several private estates, sold machine tool factories to foreign companies, and got a controlled management regime... He paid off all debtors, but was forced to close the racing department: he still managed to get all his employees elsewhere, even with arch-rival Ferrari.

60-S

The '60s opened with the latest success in World Sports Prototype a. Maserati: but Type 61 under the command of the United States Comrade who has climbed to the top of the podium 1000 km from the Nurburgring since 1961 thanks to the Yankees duo in Mr Grigory e Lloyd Kasner... In the same year 3500 GTI, the first Italian since ad injection motorcycles.

1963 was the year that the Mistral (the last Trident car powered by the legendary six-cylinder engine borrowed from the 250F) and most importantly, the Quattroporte: the fastest sedan in the world at the time, was introduced at the Turin Motor Show and powered by a powerful 4.1 V8 engine with 260 hp. Its flagship Emilian reaches a top speed of 230 km/h.

The last victory of a maserati engine in F1 dates back to 1967 when Mexico's Pedro Rodriguez won the South African Grand Prix driving one cooper... In the same year Ghibli, the first Modena car designed by Giorgetto Giugiaro: there will be success.

CITROËN . ERA

In 1968 60% of Maserati's shares went to Citroën: Orsi remained President Emeritus and Omar served on the Board of Directors responsible for the commercial sector. The French company uses Modenese engines to make models like the SM, while the Trident brand acquires some technologies from transalpine manufacturers such as hydropneumatic suspension.

Three years later - concurrently with the launch of the bora (One coup d'etat a central engine was born to steal customers from the Lamborghini Miura) - the Orsi family definitely left Maserati but in 1973 - due to the oil crisis - the Michelin family, owners of Citroën, sold the French brand Peugeot and new owners decided to liquidate the legendary sports brand from Emilia..

ERA DE TOMASO

Thanks to public money from Gepi (Management and Industrial Investments Company) Argentine entrepreneur Alejandro de Tomaso acquired a significant share of Maserati shares: paying off the company's debts and investing in new models such as the third generation Quattroporte (1979, Giugiaro design) and Biturbo (1981), sedan/ two-door coupe with an affordable price tag but questionable reliability due to reduced design time. The car - assembled in Milan at the Innocenti factories - achieved great success, but had a negative impact on the brand image.

FIAT TURNING POINT

in 1993 Maserati went to the Fiat group, which four years later sold 50% of the company's Ferrari... The first Trident car built under new management was The Trident. The 3200 GT designed by Giugiaro - presented at the 1998 Paris Motor Show, a year before the full transition of the Modenese brand to Cavallino.

In 2001, Emilian returned to the US market with the Spyder shown at the Frankfurt Motor Show: the first Maserati ever installed Accelerate with paddles on the steering wheel, had a similar line to the 3200 GT, but had more traditional taillights, a redesigned chassis (axle) shorter wheels), 4.2 Ferrari V8 motor and PPC powertrain (rear in the block with differential).

BACK TO RACING NEWS AND PRODUCTS

2003 was an important year for Maserati: the fifth generation Quattroporte (presented in Frankfurt) was the first Trident vehicle designed by Pininfarina half a century later and won many clients. On the other hand, in 2004 we saw the official return of racing (47 years later) with the MC12: A vehicle equipped with a 6.0 V12 engine and a monocoque fiber chassis. carbon, participated in the FIA GT championship and took the first victory at the German Oschersleben circuit with the Finnish Mika Salo and with us Andrea Bertolini.

Between 2005 and 2009 there will be four pilot titles (three for the duo consisting of Bertolini and Germany. Michael Bartels and one for us Thomas Biaggi), two constructors' titles (2005 and 2007, when Gran Turismo utilized Pininfarina) and five consecutive championships. for the Vitafon team... In 2010, the FIA GT series changed its name to GT1 World but the results remained the same: World Cup wins for Bartels and Bertolini and inter-team dominance for Vitaphone.

Maserati's range was richer in 2013 with two new carriers: the sixth-generation Quattroporte (served in Detroit) and its younger sister Ghibli, now in the third series (for the first time with a backdoor) and built on the same floor.

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