Complete history of JAGUAR from time to time

Jaguar
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Sportiness and elegance: this is the strength of cars for more than 90 years. jaguar... This brand (which, among other things, boasts a record 24-hour Le Mans success among British manufacturers) has survived all the crises of the British auto industry and is still one of the few to have survived with the German "premium" brand. Let's find out the history together.

JAGUAR HISTORY

The jaguar story officially began in September 1922 when William Lions (motorcycle enthusiast) e William Walmsley (motorcycle stroller builder) collected and found the Swallow Stroller Company... This company, initially specializing in the production of two-wheeled vehicles, reached great success in the second half of the '20s by setting up a body shop for Austin Seven targeted at customers who wanted to stand out but didn't want to overspend.

FIRST CAR

Lyons, tired of working with cars from other manufacturers, designed two cars for the first time and presented them at the 1931 London Motor Show: their invention SS 1 e SS 2 looked premium but was relatively affordable. Walmsley left the company three years later.

CHANGE NAME

In 1935 the name jaguar was first used on a sedan called the 2.5 SS Jaguar and two years later, the British brand achieved its first sporting success, when British Jack Harropa conquered the RAC Rally (win was repeated in 1938) driving one SS100.

During World War II, production focused on sidecars for His Majesty's army, and at the end of the conflict, management decided to sell the motorcycle division and, above all, abolish its name. The SS is also similar to that used by the Nazi paramilitaries.

XK120

Jaguar's first revolutionary signature engine was the 1948 XK120: unlocked from the 3.4 motor an inline six-cylinder engine that allowed this sport to accelerate to 120 mph (193 km/h: fastest production car on the market).

This car has won many customers and won several races in Europe: in 1951 - the year when the closed version debuted. Fhc - Ian Appleyard won the RAC rally and the Type-C (a race car with a tubular frame that has the same mechanics as the XK120) allowed the brand to achieve its first success at 24 hours of Le Mans with the "British" duet consisting of Peter Walker e Peter Whitehead.

These two successes of the jaguar were repeated in 1953: the legendary French endurance race, however, was won by another British crew (Tony Rollt e Duncan Hamilton) and a more sophisticated vehicle equipped with disc brake innovations... In the same year, the third option XK120 : drophead coupe.

TYPE-D

La Type-D - the first racing car with a monocoque design - a car that goes down in motorsport history: with a spectacular rear fin, won three consecutive editions of Le Mans 24 hours with a strict British pilot.

The first with a duet in the composition Mike Hawthorne e Gading Bueb, the second with Ron Flockhart e Ninian Sanderson and the third with Flockhart and Bueb. This latest win was also the last "purely British" (car and driver from England) in the history of this important endurance race.

In the same period, we announced the victory of the 1956 Monte Carlo Rally of the Jaguar Mark VII city led by British Ronnie Adams and - for serial production - the launch of the XK150, the brand's first road car to be fitted with i disc brakes brought to the racing debut of the C-Type.

60s AND E-TYPE

In 1960, the British brand took over Daimler and moved to a factory in Coventry where the company produced engines. Next year it will debut - at the Geneva Motor Show - the brand's most famous model: the E-Type.Considered by Enzo Ferrari to be the most beautiful car ever made, it has a top speed of 150 mph (241 km/h) and is also very sophisticated. technically: four disc brakes, base frame and independent four-wheel suspension. The weak point? Gearbox, long braking distance and not too enveloping place.

In 1963 - the first major victory for one person. jaguars piloted foreign drivers when German Peter Nocker won the first European Touring Car Championship with the Mark II and three years later, a 2+2 E-Type version was released with an extended wheelbase to accommodate two rear seat passengers.

British brands are healthy: they are one of the most loved in the UK and the most loved foreign brand in the United States. In 1966 it merged with BMC to create British Motor Ownership and the following year William Lions stepped down from the CEO role.

1968 was the year another iconic brand was introduced. jaguar -the flagship XJ (which removed from the market almost all obsolete sedans from British homes) - and in 1969 the historical designer William Haynes (entered the 1934 SS) retired.

70-S

The first significant event of the 70s occurred in 1971, when the 5.3 V12 motor was featured on the E-Type. Next year, the same engine - installed in the XJ - will allow the British flagship to become the fastest production four-seater on the market (almost 220 km / h).

Also in 1972 (when Lyon officially retired) the "British" version of the Berlinon with a long wheelbase was released (to correct the main drawback of this car: reduced space for rear passengers), and three years later - the XJ-S coupe was built on the same basis. same as "standard" XJ.

80-S

1984 was an important year for the jaguar... The British brand has been privatized and entered the stock market, and thanks to England, two major sporting victories have been won.

Tom Walkinshaw XJS, winner of the European Touring Car Championship and - with the German crew Hans Heyer and from the English Vin Percy - from 24 hours at the spa... In February 1985, he disappeared. William Lions.

Between the second half of the 80s and the beginning of the 90s, the British manufacturer received many sports achievements in the category of endurance: in 1987, the first world championship in sports prototypes arrived (spiced with victory among the Brazilian pilots Raoul Bosel), success repeated in 1988 (from English. Martin Brandl world champion among drivers) also thanks to his victory 24 hours Le Mans brought home the Dutchman Jan Lammers and the English Johnny Dumfries e Andy Wallace... In the same year Bosel, Brandl, Lammers and Dane John Nielsen they won the 24 Hours of Daytona.

GO TO FORD

In 1989 the jaguar was acquired by Ford but the sporting commitment did not stop: in 1990 the XJR-12 won 24 hours of Le Mans with Brandl, Nielsen and the Americans Cobb Price the same car - this time behind the wheel of Lammers, Wallace, and the Yankees of the Sea Devils - won Daytona 24 Hours. The last significant sporting success of the British manufacturer began in 1991: the victory in the World Sports Prototype and the world title for us Theo Fabi.

The serial production of the last decades of the twentieth century saw the XJ220 supercar from 1992 (a 3.5 V6 twin turbo motor with 542 hp and a top speed of 335 km/h), the sexy sports car XK8 and the flagship Type-S, the little sister of the XJ Retro style.

THIRD MILLENnium

In 2000 the jaguar entered F1: Remained in the Circus until 2004, but received only two podiums with the British driver. Eddie Irwin... Better for road cars: 2001 x-type berlin - built on one floor with Ford Mondeo - this was the first car of the British brand A four-wheel drive and two years later (on the occasion of the launch of the station wagon e diesel) also be the first to be front-wheel drive.

This model showed good results in sales, but affected the brand's emblem: a rebirth came in 2007. The XF, the heir to the Type-S, characterized by a modern and revolutionary style, was revived thanks to the 2009 XJ X351 In the middle (in 2008) of buying the brand by the Tata Indians.

As for the latest signed models of jaguar it is impossible not to mention the sporty Type F 2013 and Berlin 2015, with a platform in aluminum e, different type-X dell'antenata, a rear drive.

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